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Concept of error and nature of nursing error detectors in military hospitals: a qualitative content analysis
  1. Mehdi Ajri-khameslou1,2,
  2. Sh Aliyari3,
  3. A H Pishgooie4,
  4. N Jafari-Golestan4,5 and
  5. P Farokhnezhad Afshar6
  1. 1Medical-Surgical Department, Faculty of Nursing, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  2. 2Department of Intensive Care Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
  3. 3Maternal Newborn Health Department, Faculty of Nursing, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  4. 4Department of Critical Care Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  5. 5Faculty Of Nursing, Social Welfare and Rehabilitation University, Tehran, Iran
  6. 6School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health (Tehran Institute of Psychiatry), Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  1. Correspondence to Dr Sh Aliyari, Maternal Newborn Health Department, Faculty of Nursing, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 021, Iran; shahhaliyar{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Background and objectives Nursing errors can cause irreparable consequences. Understanding the concept of error and the nature of nursing error detectors can significantly reduce this type of errors. The present study was conducted to explain the concept of error and the nature of nursing error detectors in military hospitals.

Materials and methods The present study was conducted on eight nurses working in different wards of military hospitals using a qualitative approach to content analysis proposed by Graneheim and Lundman. Data were collected through in-depth semistructured interviews.

Findings ‘The concept of error’ and ‘the nature of error detectors’ in military hospitals were the two main categories extracted from data analysis. The present findings showed that the nature of errors in military hospitals is inevitable, a threat to job position and bipolar. Nurses use different resources to identify errors, including personal, environmental and organisational factors of detection.

Discussion and conclusion Given the military nature of the study hospitals, organisational factors of detection played a key role in identifying errors. Moreover, given the perception of military nurses of errors, they were not inclined to personal detectors. The managers of military hospitals are therefore recommended to pursue a justice-oriented and supportive culture to help nurses play a more active role in identifying errors.

  • nursing error
  • military hospital
  • patient safety
  • error detectors
  • qualitative study
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Footnotes

  • Contributors MJK, SA, AHP and NJG prepared the study set-up. MJK conducted the interviews. MJK, SA, AHP, NJG and PFA performed the data analyses. MJK, SA, AHP, NJG and PFA prepared the manuscript and contributed to the final version of the paper. The results of the study are approved by all the authors.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Ethics approval The present study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Aja University of Medical Sciences (No: IR.AJAUMS.REC.1397.017).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement No data are available.

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