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Hierarchical process using Brier Score Metrics for lower leg injury risk curves in vertical impact
  1. Nicholas DeVogel1,
  2. N Yoganandan2,
  3. A Banerjee1 and
  4. F A Pintar3
  1. 1Division of Biostatistics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
  2. 2Department of Neurosurgery, Center for Neuro-Trauma Research, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
  3. 3Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
  1. Correspondence to Professor N Yoganandan, Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA; yoga{at}mcw.edu

Footnotes

  • Contributors NY and FAP conducted the experiments and obtained the biomechanical data. NDV and AB developed the theory. NDV performed the computations. FAP and AB reviewed the manuscript initially prepared by NY and NDV. All authors were involved in the approval of the manuscript.

  • Funding This material is the result of work supported by the US Department of Defense, Medical Research and Materiel Command, Grant W81XWH-16-1-0010, and Contract #N00024-13-D-6400. Any views expressed in this article are those of the authors and not necessarily representative of the funding organisations.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Ethics approval The study used already published data that are available for this analysis-based paper.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Author note Narayan Yoganandan and Frank Pintar are part-time employees of the VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors NY and FAP conducted the experiments and obtained the biomechanical data. NDV and AB developed the theory. NDV performed the computations. FAP and AB reviewed the manuscript initially prepared by NY and NDV. All authors were involved in the approval of the manuscript.

  • Funding This material is the result of work supported by the US Department of Defense, Medical Research and Materiel Command, Grant W81XWH-16-1-0010, and Contract #N00024-13-D-6400. Any views expressed in this article are those of the authors and not necessarily representative of the funding organisations.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Ethics approval The study used already published data that are available for this analysis-based paper.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Author note Narayan Yoganandan and Frank Pintar are part-time employees of the VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

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