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The incidence of military training-related injuries in Chinese new recruits: a systematic review and meta-analysis
  1. Wei Hua1,
  2. Q Chen1,
  3. M Wan2,
  4. J Lu3 and
  5. L Xiong1
  1. 1Department of Military Health Service, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China
  2. 2Department of Orthopedics, PLA 422nd Hospital, Zhanjiang, China
  3. 3Department of Training, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China
  1. Correspondence to Professor L Xiong, Department of Military Health Service, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, CN 200433, China; xionglinping1962{at}sina.com

Abstract

Introduction Training-related injuries are the main reason for disability, long-term rehabilitation, functional impairment and premature discharge from military service. The aim of this study was to identify the incidence of injuries in the training of Chinese new recruits via a systematic review of the literature.

Method A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the combined incidence of military training-related injuries in Chinese new recruits. The electronic databases of full-text journals were searched, and the Loney criteria were used to assess the quality of eligible articles. Summary estimates were obtained using random-effects models. Subgroup analyses and publication bias tests were performed.

Results Fifty-five eligible articles representing 109 611 Chinese new recruits met the inclusion criteria, of which 21 253 recruits were clinically diagnosed with military training-related injuries. The combined incidence of military training-related injuries in Chinese new recruits was found to be 21.04%.

Conclusions An increased incidence of training injuries was found in more recent years, underscoring the need for further research on the risk factors associated with their causation.

  • military training injuries
  • chinese army recruits
  • systematic review
  • meta-analysis

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Footnotes

  • Contributors WH and QC discussed and developed the research question for this review. WH and MW carried out the searches. WH and JL assessed the eligibility of the studies for inclusion, extracted data and carried out all analyses. All authors were involved in the interpretation and discussion of the results. WH wrote the first draft of this paper, which was reviewed by LPX, and all authors agreed on the final draft of this study. LPX is the guarantor.

  • Funding Work on this manuscript was supported by the Military Medicine Foundation of the Second Military Medical University, PLA (grant number 2014 JS21).

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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