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Hepatitis B and C in the Armed Forces
  1. Dennis A Freshwater
  1. Correspondence to Surg Cdr D A Freshwater, The Liver and Hepatobiliary Unit, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Mindelsohn Way, Birmingham B15 2WB, UK; dennis.freshwater{at}


Hepatitis B and hepatitis C are prevalent in several areas of the world. Armed Forces personnel may be exposed to these viruses through risk behaviour or ballistic transmission. This article discusses the epidemiology and treatment of these viruses, together with occupational health considerations.

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