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Balkans Syndrome: A Potential Link Between Multiple Sclerosis and Hypervaccination
  1. G Vacchiano1 and
  2. Gentian Vyshka2
  1. 1Associated Professor of Legal Medicine, University of Sannio, Italy
  2. 2Associated Professor of Human Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tirana, Albania
  1. Biomedical and Experimental Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tirana, Rr Dibres 371, Tirana, Albania gvyshka{at}


Balkans Syndrome is a recent term that has been widely used in the media to describe a heterogenous group of medical conditions that presented in soldiers following deployment on military operations to the former Yugoslavia and its neighbouring countries. These individuals had been subjected to an intense and protracted course of vaccinations (termed hypervaccination) prior to deployment, which has subsequently been implicated by the media as the cause of this disease. We describe the case of a 33- year old army officer, who received twenty vaccinations and boosters during the period 2000-2006, and was subsequently diagnosed with multiple sclerosis in 2008.

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