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A Travel Misadventure – Visceral Leishmaniasis in an Immunocompetent Patient
  1. Major Hervé Delacour1,2,
  2. C Roche2,
  3. B Roche2 and
  4. C Morand3
  1. 1Department of Biology, Begin Hospital, 69, Avenue de Paris. 94 163 Saint Mandé Cedex. France;
  2. 2Departments of Biology
  3. 3Internal Medicine, Robert Picqué Hospital 331, route de Toulouse. CS 80 00233 882 Villenave d’Ornon Cedex, France
  1. Department of Biology. 69, Avenue de Paris. 94 163 Saint Mandé Cedex 00 33 1 43 98 47 12 00 33 1 43 98 50 32 h_delacour{at}yahoo.fr

Abstract

Visceral leishmaniasis is one of the world’s most neglected diseases. Over 90% of the 500,000 annual new cases occur in only five countries: India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sudan and North-Eastern Brazil, but the disease remains endemic in Southern Europe. We report a case of visceral leishmaniasis in an immunocompetent serviceman after a seven-day stay in the Marseilles region of South-Eastern France. This case is intended to alert clinicians to the possibility of visceral leishmaniasis in patients who develop a febrile illness after returning from travel in Southern European countries.

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