The limited capacity and resources of a Field Hospital Intensive Care Unit may necessitate the triage or prioritisation of critically ill patients requiring admission. The use of critical care resources by members of the local population in certain Areas of Operation, who can not be discharged or transferred to equivalent care in their local health service, impacts significantly on bed occupancy. Therefore available resources must be distributed efficiently and equitably with decisions guided by the principles of advocacy for the patient. Patientsmust be admitted only on the concept of potential benefit and reasonable chance of recovery, which would not be available elsewhere. Discriminating between seriously ill patients before admission and decision making regarding withdrawal of care is very difficult. Senior clinicians working regularly in a critical care setting demonstrate a better level of discrimination in assessing outcome of seriously ill patients and are best placed to make decisions regarding admission, continuation and withdrawal of treatment.
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